In September 1913, the Colorado Coalfield War began when coal companies evicted striking miners from their company-owned homes. Miners and their families moved into union-provided tents along the high Colorado plains.
At the height of this conflict, on the morning of April 20, 1914, a skirmish broke out between striking miners and the Colorado State militia. This event, labeled the Ludlow Massacre, ended with the deaths of over 20 people, which included a guardsman, miners, and their wives and children. The death of children at the Ludlow Tent Colony thrust the Coalfield War into the media spotlight, with national scrutiny focused on the Rockefellers, who were majority shareholders in CF & I. In the aftermath of this tragedy, the Rockefellers and CF & I developed an employee representation plan that transformed industrial worker-company relations.
To mark the 100th anniversary of these tragic events, a diverse group from around Colorado – including historians, scholars, union members, the Colorado National Guard, archaeologists, tourism representatives, etc. – have worked together to plan commemoration activities, exhibitions and events to commemorate the Colorado Coalfield War and the Ludlow Massacre.